In recent years, many states have mandated that all students have access to diploma options rather than a single standard diploma. As a result, school districts have restructured programs and curricula to meet the needs of a wide range of students with varying learning styles. Services to middle and high school students with communication disorders have been evaluated, and new or modified programs have been designed to meet the needs of adolescent learners. Programs for students with language disorders have been developed, based on secondary-school organization and on the philosophy that earning credit for classes in speech-language is appropriate for these students. Four school programs from across the United States are described in this article, which presents sample segments of individual education plans (IEPs) from these programs.
KEY WORDS: language disorders, adolescents, language intervention, service delivery models
Submitted on October 28, 1991
Accepted on July 16, 1992