Students with specific language impairment (SL) and students matched for single-word reading ability read and retold stories that were approximately one grade level above their reading level. Children with SLI produced a significantly greater percentage of oral reading discrepancies (miscues) between printed and read words. Their miscues were less graphophonemically, syntactically, semantically, and pragmatically consistent with the original texts than the miscues produced by their reading-matched peers. Despite these differences in oral reading story retellings by students in the two groups were similar in terms of percentages of recalled vocabulary, story elements, and problem-resolution pairs. Holistic analysis of the retellings indicated that fewer retellings by students in the SLI group were complete, and more of their retellings were confusing. Lack of prior knowledge regarding the topics of the stories that were read, slowed language processing and/or working memory deficiencies could account for these results.
KEY WORDS: specific language impairment, reading, narration, information processing, print cues
Submitted on April 14, 1995
Accepted on October 10, 1995